Analyzing urine can conclude if the person has any disease (STDs), kidney diseases, urinary tract infections or a metabolic disease. Your healthcare provider determines what research methods need to be carried out. The healthcare provider can tell you how to make a urine sample.
An urinalysis may be done in different ways:
- Testing with a strip or dipstick provided with color-boxes that will be dipped into the urine. The color of the outcome will then be compared with a standard strip. The doctor will perform a check to the presence of sugar, nitrite, protein, red and white blood cells in the urine.
- Microscopic examination of the urine. With this test a tube containing urine is being centrifuged for 5 minutes. The cells and other constituents of the urine sinks towards the bottom of the tube. This sludge will be examined under a microscope.
- Culture of the bacteria. This test is only useful if the doctor suspects an infection. The bacteria are cultured on special mediums and identified in the laboratory. The doctor performs research on which antibiotic is effective against the founded germ. It could take a couple of days before there is any result.
- Cytological examination. With this test the cells will be examined on malignancy.
Based on the symptoms the doctor will decide which test is the most appropriate. The first step in researching the urine is performing the test strip and microscopic examination.
How to sample urine
The way you are taking a urine sample is very important. There is a high chance of contamination by other bacteria and that could lead into making the result not reliable for taking conclusions. When there are 3 or more types of bacteria in the sample, the lap will suspect contamination. Therefore it is very important to use urine jars that are specially made. You can inherit these jars from the doctor, lap, pharmacist or order online. It is important to place the urine in a refrigerator if you are unable to deliver the urine within 2 hours. You can find more information about Urine analyzes on https://www.excretas.com/.